ISA ACTIVITY-PRESTIGIOUS TREASURES OF YESTERYEAR
“Prestigious Treasures of yesteryears-----“The project includes the study of ancient monuments in and around countries and make the students understand their heritage and historical values of different countries like India, Dubai, Singapore and Brunei.
Dynasty and Era of Monuments
1) TAJ MAHAL: It is one of the most beautiful monument of India. This was built by 5th Emperor of the Mughal Dynasty during 1632 and 1653 AD. Famous as one of the wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal at Agra, India, is epitome of true love and passion. The Taj Mahal was built by the famous Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaj Mahal. The architectural beauty and magnificence of the Taj Mahal has never been surpassed. It is said to be the most beautiful monument built by the Mughal rulers and represents the zenith of the Mughal architecture. Built entirely out of white marbles, the beauty of the Taj Mahal is beyond description.
2) CHAR MINAR: An example of Islamic architecture, Charminar is a beautiful monument in Hyderabad, India.This 400-years-old structure was built by Sultan Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah, the 5th Sultan of the illustrious Qutb Shahi dynasty. An inseparable part of the history of Hyderabad, the Sultan built the monument right after shifting his capital from Golkonda to Hyderabad. Historians opine that the inadequacy of water and plague forced Quli Qutub Shah to construct a new city. He prayed to the Almighty to end his people’s suffering and pledged to build a mosque at the very site where he prayed.
3) GATE WAY OF INDIA : Gateway of India is the most important landmark of the city of Mumbai. The Gateway of India, with its regal arches, stands guard facing the Arabian Sea at Apollo Bunder in bustling Colaba area of Mumbai. The most popular tourist attraction, it is the unofficial icon of the city of Mumbai and is a reminder of its rich colonial history as Bombay. The first structure to welcome visitors entering the city by sea, it is popularly called ‘Taj Mahal of Mumbai’. It stands at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg at the water’s edge.It is often confused with the India Gate in Delhi built in the memory of the 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in the First World War.
4)QUTUB MINAR : At 73 meters, the Qutub Minar at Delhi is the tallest brick minaret and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Qutb ud-Din Aibak, the founder of the Turkish rule in north-western India and also of the Mamluk Dynasty in Delhi commissioned the construction of this monument in 1192 AD. Aibak dedicated the minaret to the Muslim Sufi mystic, saint and scholar of the Chishti Order, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. Different beliefs surround the origin of the minaret. While some sources believe it was constructed as a tower of victory marking the beginning of Muslim dominion in India.
5) RED FORT: The Red Fort or 'Lal Qila' remained the residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years, until 1857The Red Fort, which is also known as the Lal Qila, was constructed by one of the most famous Mughal emperors, Shah Jahan. Built on the banks of river Yamuna, the fortress-palace was designed by architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Shah Jahan, the then Mughal emperor decided to build the Red Fort as the citadel of Shahjahanabad, his new capital at Delhi. The fort, which was completely constructed in the year 1648, remained the residence of the Mughal emperors until 1857.
6) LOTUS TEMPLE: A Remarkable Architecture…..
Lotus Temple is one of the remarkable architectures of Bahai faith. It is located at Kalkaji in New Delhi. The temple looks like a lotus flower and is made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand. The temple has no restrictions for visitors and is open to people from all religions. The place provides immaculate environment for meditation, peace and wisdom. The Bahai temple was completed in 1986. Since then the temple has received recognition from all over the world for its splendid architecture and design. Lotus Temple is among the most visited monuments in India. The credit for building this beautiful structure goes to the Persian architect Fariborz Sahba from Canada.
1) BURJ KHALIFA :The Burj Khalifa, the world's tallest building, in Dubai. Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith, then of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), whose firm designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center.
2) BURJ AL ARAB: The distinctive sail-shaped silhouette of Burj Al Arab Jumeirah is more than just a stunning hotel, it is a symbol of modern Dubai.Yet for all the wonder this stunning structure provides when you finally see it in person, it is the service within that really makes the Burj Al Arab Jumeirah so extraordinary.
3)DUBAI MUSEUM: The museum was opened by the ruler of Dubai in 1971, with the aim of presenting the traditional way of life in the Emirate of Dubai. When entering, one can see the fort constructed and the various displays that go along with it. From the fort, there is a path to the galleries, which display the general culture of the land, especially in the 1800s. It includes local antiquities as well as artifacts from African and Asian countries that traded with Dubai.
1) THE BILLIONTH BARREL MONUMENT: The Billionth Barrel Monument is a monument located in Seria, Brunei. The monument was built in 1991. It was commemorated by Hassanal Bolkiah on 18 July 1991. The monument commemorates the production of the billionth barrel of oil produced in the onshore oil field in Seria.
2) OMAR ALI SAIFUDDIEN MOSQUE: Islam spread to the Island of Borneo in the late 14th century from the nascent Muslim kingdoms of nearby Malaysia. The first sultanate was established near the northern coast of the island at this time. Brunei, as it later became known, would come to mark the unofficial southeastern-most point of the civilized Islamic world for many years to come. By the 1400s, the Sultan of Brunei ruled over an Empire that incorporated all of Borneo as well as parts of the Philipines and Indonesia.
3)ISTANA NURUL IMAN: The name "Istana Nurul Iman" is taken from Malay Istana and Arabic Nur-ol Imaan and means Palace of the Light of Faith. It was designed by Filipino Visayan architect Leandro V. Locsin, who utilized the architectural motif of golden domes and vaulted roofs to echo Brunei's Islamic and Malay influences. The interior of the palace was designed by Khuan Chew, Design Principal of KCA International, whose other works include the Burj Al Arab in Dubai. Construction was handled by Ayala International, a Filipino construction firm, and completed in 1984 at a total cost of around US$1.4 billion.
1)CIVILIAN WAR MEMORIAL : The Civilian War Memorial is a monument dedicated to civilians who perished during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore (1942–45). It is located on a parkland, along Beach Road, opposite Raffles City.1 The memorial’s structure comprises four tapering columns of approximately 68 m high. These columns symbolise the merging of four streams of culture into one and the principle of unity of all races.2 It resembles two pairs of chopsticks.
2)MERLION PARK: The original Merlion Park was first designed by the Singapore Tourism Board (STB) near the mouth of the Singapore River in 1964 as an emblem of Singapore. On 15 September 1972, the park was officially opened at an installation ceremony for the statue, officiated at by then Prime Minister of Singapore, Mr Lee Kuan Yew. The original statue of the Merlion used to stand at the mouth of the Singapore River. The statue was made from November 1971 to August 1972 by the late Singaporean sculptor, Mr Lim Nang Seng. It measures 8.6 meters high and weighs 70 tons.
3)SULTAN MOSQUE: This mosque located at Muscat Street and North Bridge Road within the Kampong Glam precinct of the district of Rochor in Singapore. The mosque is considered one of the most important mosques in Singapore. The prayer hall and domes highlight the mosque's star features. When Singapore was ceded to the British in 1819, Temenggong Abdul Rahman, the island's chief, and Sultan Hussain Shah of Johor, under whose jurisdiction Singapore fell, acquired small fortunes in exchange for their power. Sir Stamford Raffles also granted the Temenggong and the Sultan an annual stipend and the use of Kampong Glam for their residence.